US will implement the major step in reducing their stewardship of the domain name system by handover the supervision of the system to ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) which will be starting from the month of October 1st, 2016. DNS (Domain Name System) is a directory for internet-connected devices which helps in translating the domain names to numerical IP addresses.
DNS is the foundational piece of the internet and US had a strong say in their supervision for the past 20 years or even more. The transition of DNS to ICANN’s supervision had been under progress for few years. For the very first time, it is being proposed in the year 2014, but it was finally signed off on the agreement recently by the US National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).
With this changeover about the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) won’t be a huge change from the way things have been running. As per the sources mentioned in the NTIA blog on this transition, NTIA is initially partnered with ICANN in the year 1998 and began to move DNS management to private sector and the NTIA’s stewardship was supposed to temporary. However, it doesn’t have the allegations on how DNS is perceived internationally.
“This is important because there has always been a bit of nervousness from rest of the global community of one entity having considerable power. United States has been very fair with that power and responsibility, with the exception of US blocking .xxx at ICANN based on prudish American values and political manoeuvring,” says Joseph Lorenzo Hall, Chief Technologist for the Center for Democracy & Technology.