Taking a serious action on renting mothers womb and commercialising surrogacy, Indian government cleared Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016. According to the bill the union government puts a ban on commercial surrogacy in India.
The bill bars single parents, homosexuals, live-in couples, foreigners, married woman already having biological children for surrogacy. Only childless straight Indian couple married for 5 years are eligible for altruistic surrogacy.
Minister of External affairs Sushma Swaraj defended making homosexuals ineligible for surrogacy, mentioning that homosexuals are not recognised by Indian Law. She said ‘what was started for convenience has become a luxury’ today.
Surrogacy is a process where another woman carries and gives birth to a baby for the couple who want child. The arrangement of another woman to facilitate childbirth is legal in many countries including India.
The surrogacy in India has taken a different face becoming a womb renting hub for the world. Thailand was other such destination. The commercial surrogacy had seen many legal issues in the country which led to a law.
According to the new bill, the couple eligible may approach close relatives for Altruistic surrogacy (when a surrogate is given no financial gain for carrying a child.)
Taking on celebrities who take surrogacy as a trend Swaraj said “Big celebrities who not only have one but two children, a son and a daughter, even then they went ahead with surrogacy,”
The group of ministers who cleared the bill include Health Minister J P Nadda, Commerce Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Food Processing Industries Minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal along with Sushma swaraj.
“We have given 10 months during which pregnancies under way now can be seen through and the babies delivered to the commissioning parents. After that all clinics will have to adhere to these new laws once Parliament passes the Bill in the next session,” said J.P. Nadda.
The bill comes in protection to women Rights specially those who are living in rural and tribal areas. Exploitation of mother’s womb turned out to be a lucrative business in India.