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ISRO targets to visit Venus and Mars, may partner with NASA

India to go to Venus boldly for the first time and re-visit Venus very soon. It is the first government acknowledgment about these two new bold accommodations on Earth’s immediate neighbors. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is attempting two or three drop offs into space, a full load of 104 satellites in space in a single mission.

No other country has tried launching as many satellites in a single mission. Back in 2014, Russia holds the last world record of launching 37 satellites in a single launch using a modified intercontinental ballistic missile. ISRO will hurl into space on February 15 morning using the PSLV three Indian satellites and 101 small foreign satellites.

ISRO is hoping to set a desirable benchmark for other space-faring nations with two-and-a-half times more than the earlier record.

ISRO to Launch 104 Satellites on 15th of February From Sriharikota

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has allotted a 23% increase in its budget to the department. The budget mentions the provisions under the space sciences section “for Mars Orbiter Mission II and Mission to Venus.” The second mission to Mars is scheduled in 2021-2022 with a robot on the surface of Planet Red.

The first mission to Mars held in 2013 is exclusively an Indian project.  The French space agency has reportedly sent its interest in collaboration for making the Mars rover. “We are keen at telematics module, so Nasa’s rovers and the Indian satellites can talk to each other.” said, Michael M Watkins, director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of Nasa, on a recent visit to India this month.

Dwarf Star with Ingredients For Life Discovered by Scientists

India’s maiden mission to Venus has all probability going to be a modest orbiter mission. “A mission to Venus is very very worthwhile as so little is understood about that planet and Nasa would definitely be willing to partner in India’s maiden voyage to Venus,” Watkins added.

ISRO and Nasa have already jointly initiated to undertake studies on making use of electrical propulsion for powering mission.

Mars 2020 Lander Vision System Tested for Discovering More About Mars Landing System

Mars 2020 Lander Vision System

NASA recently tested their new landing camera of next Rover mission to Mars, on a rocket built by Masten Space Systems in Mojave, California. NASA’s Flight Opportunities Program (FOP) is the part of this program.

Jet Propulsion Laboratory is one of the Agency in Pasadena, California. It is leading in the development of Mars 2020 rover, and it’s LVS (Lander Vision System).

Earlier in 2014 Dec 9, the prototype for Lander Vision System for NASA’s Mars 2020 mission was tested. This vision system launched 1,066 feet into air aboard Masten’s rocket-powered with the “Xombie” test platform. This helped and guided the rocket for precise landing at the targets which are predesigned.

Lander Vision System (LVS) is essentially working as part of the larger system for experimenting on the landing technologies. This is known as Autonomous Descent and Ascent Powered-flight Testbed or ADAPT.

mars rover

LVS is the camera-based navigation system. This can able to capture terrain which is beneath the spacecraft which is descending. Then it matches with the maps which are pre-installed and allows the aircraft to detect the location and safe landings. Apart from this, it can also analyze the consequences faced by the landing and its areas such as rocks, stones, and outcroppings.  Thus the system can direct its path for the safe touchdown which is the primary target.

Elon Musk Sets his Plans to Colonize Mars and Save Humanity at SpaceX event

Andrew Johnson, The Principal Investigator in the development of the Lander Vision System development, says these tests are building the confidence so that the vision system will enable Mars 2020 for landing safely.

He added “By providing funding for flight tests, FOP motivated us to build guidance, navigation and control payloads for testing on Xombie. In the end, we showed a closed loop pinpoint landing demo that eliminated any technical concerns with flying the Lander Vision System on Mars 2020.”

NASA Trains Astronauts Underwater For The Mars Mission

This LVS based mission will allow for the opportunities for landing in the challenging environments and pursue new discoveries about Mars.

Source: NASA

Elon Musk Sets his Plans to Colonize Mars and Save Humanity at SpaceX event

Elon Musk Sets his Plans to Colonize Mars

The founder of SpaceX, Elon Musk is having the great ambitious vision towards the mission to Mars. Elon said this could be as soon as 2022 which is three years sooner than the estimates. Moving the Human race to the other planetary, which is the serious thing and Musk has coming up with outlined plans.

During the 67th annual International Astronautical Congress event held in Guadalajara, Mexico, Musk given the outline information about the SpaceX Plan and also the prototype video in this event.

This project is involved with the new technology with the reusable rockets, carbon fiber fuel tanks, and ultra-powered engines. More over these spaceships are capable of carrying hundred or more passengers to the Planet Mars for Landing and then returning to earth to get more passengers to this red planet.

Space X Rocket Explodes At Cape Canaveral Launch Pad

“What I want to try to achieve here is to make Mars seem possible – like it’s something we can achieve in our lifetimes,” Says Musk.

Musk wants to colonize Mars and build the civilization right there. These are the things he wants to do apart from going to the Mars. So all he need is the gear which helps in reducing the cost of this project and cheap enough for work.

Bill Nye, CEO of the Planetary Society and also organizes some popular TV shows, was in audience and described the energy of the crowd as “extraordinary”.

“Watching the crowd go absolutely wild today tells me that the best is yet ahead for space exploration,” he says, adding to it he says, that Musk had presented “a very aggressive schedule that seemed feasible to the crowd”.

“No matter what we send to Mars, I very much hope we conduct a thorough, careful search for life before we consider landing people and cargo. I believe the discovery of life or evidence of life would change the way we think about the cosmos and our place within it,” Nye added.

NASA’s Juno Mission: First Human Made Spacecraft Intersects Into Jupiter Orbit

NASA had a word that it has made “Extraordinary Progress” in developing the plan for the sustainable Mars exploration and building the partnerships both in the public and private sectors.

So far this is one of the better things we came across in the Space, and there are another interesting thing came across regarding the planet Mercury. As per the recent reports, Mercury is the first ever planet after earth containing the tectonic activity. Stay tuned for the more details about these activities.

NASA Trains Astronauts Underwater For The Mars Mission

NASA Prepares Astronauts For Mars Journey With Underwater NEEMO Mission

NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), is training its astronauts for the forthcoming Mars journey. A new team of astronauts named as “Aquanauts” has been sent to the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean for training. Underwater, the astronauts will be trained for 16 days, and the aim of the training is to prepare astronauts for the future space missions.

The US space agency believes that the sea has extreme conditions which will report whether astronauts can sustain in such complicated situations and the other aim of the mission is that this would heighten the confidence of astronauts for Mars journey in future. NASA has named this NASA NEEMO 21 mission which means NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations. According to the officials of NASA, the crew and astronauts of the expedition that started on 21st July will stay the Aquarius Reef Base, which is located 62 Ft. below the Atlantic Ocean in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary.

Curiosity Rover Reaches Sand Dunes on Mars

Preparing for the Martian environment, NASA will assign few tasks to astronauts. The crew of the agency will collect samples of marine biology studies, geology, and coral restoration projects. And they will scrutinize the studies for 16 days.

“NEEMO 21 astronauts and crew will pioneer complex tasks on the seafloor utilising the most advanced underwater navigation and science tools which are methodically choreographed to mimic a Mars exploration traverse,” stated NEEMO Project Lead Bill Todd.

NASA will also train the astronauts to survive in extreme conditions when there is a breakage of communication and this is to make then strong in unexpected situations and unpredicted environments. The underwater crew will also test a mini DNA sequencer for use in the International Space Station, as well as telemedicine equipment for future space missions.

NASA’s Juno Mission: First Human Made Spacecraft Intersects Into Jupiter Orbit

“Equipment can fail, communication can be challenging and tasks can take longer than expected. Other tasks go just as planned. All cases are equally beneficial. It’s how we learn and how we are able to assemble all of this together so that someday we’re prepared for the unexpected when we are living on and traversing the Martian surface,” Bill Todd added.

Curiosity Rover Reaches Sand Dunes on Mars

NASA’s Curiosity Rover Discovers Sand Dunes on Mars

NASA’s Curiosity Mars Rover has discovered some wind-sculpted sand ripples at the “Bagnold Dunes” on the northwestern flanks of the Mount Sharp. Such mid-sized sand dunes are not found on Earth. Curiosity rover started its investigation of the Martian sand ripples six months ago and reached distinct mid-sized ripples on Mars.

Mathieu Lapotre, a graduate student at Caltech in Pasadena, California and science team collaborator for the Curiosity mission in a statement said, “Earth and Mars both have big sand dunes and small sand ripples, but on Mars, there’s something in between that we don’t have on Earth.” Lapotre is the lead author of the mid-sized ripples study report that was published in the journal Science on 1st July.

Mars and Earth, both planets true sand dunes which are typically larger than a football field and the curiosity team has confirmed that these sand dunes are formed due to blowing wind over the sand. They mention these ripples as wind-drag ripples.

NASA’s Juno Mission: First Human Made Spacecraft Intersects Into Jupiter Orbit

Scientists at NASA hope that the relation of sand dunes with Mars’ thick atmosphere will discover more about the evolution of the Mars’ atmosphere. Unlike the present atmosphere of Mars, it have even more thicker atmosphere which could have eventually become thin due to the size of the ripples on planet.

Curiosity Rover has taken pictures of sand dunes from the orbit, at 10 feet apart from their surface. Now, the Study of Bagnold Dunes revealed that the sand dunes on Mars could be several times larger than the impact ripples on Earth.

“As Curiosity was approaching the Bagnold Dunes, we started seeing that the crest lines of the meter-scale ripples are sinuous,” Lapotre added. “That is not like impact ripples, but it is just like sand ripples that form under moving water on Earth. And we saw that superimposed on the surfaces of these larger ripples were ripples the same size and shape as impact ripples on Earth.”

Fascinating Transit of Mercury 2016, live Webcasting on NASA

Scientists say that dunes and ripples were earlier found on Titan, Venus and on the 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko comet, which does not match the Mars’ dunes. Researchers have examined the ripple textures preserved in sandstone for above 3 billion years. They found that these wind-drag ripples are of same size as newer ones on active dunes.

Curiosity Project Scientist Ashwin Vasavada, of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena stated, “During our visit to the active Bagnold Dunes, you might almost forget you’re on Mars, given how similar the sand behaves in spite of the different gravity and atmosphere.” He also added that these mid-sized dunes are reminders of how Mars is different from Earth.

The Curiosity rover at the lower region of the Mount Sharp is trying to investigate the conditions of the Martian environment. The mission is initiated to understand how and when ancient environment evolved from being life sustaining into the drier and less habitable.