Air Pollution

Over 92 percent of the World’s population are breathing polluted air, claims by World Health Organisation (WHO). This extreme air pollution has caused more than six million deaths a year.

According to the reports of UN Agency, the poorer countries have more polluted air than the developed world. However, the Maria Neira, the head of WHOs Department of Public Health and Environment said that “pollution affects practically all countries in the world and all parts of society.

It is a public health emergency,” she said. “Fast action to tackle air pollution can’t come soon enough.”

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The World Health Organisation (WHO) has revealed according to the data from 3000 monitoring sites around the world, more than 90 percent of world’s population are living in an area with exceeding the contamination limits.

Around three million deaths are caused by exposure to Outdoor air pollution, and Indoor pollution can be just deadly. In 2012, it was estimated that nearly 6.5 million deaths are caused due to both Indoor and Outdoor air pollution together.

Nearly 90 percent of the air pollution-related deaths are caused mainly in low and middle-income countries. Primary sources to cause air pollution include inefficient modes of transport, industrial activities, household fuel and waste burning and coal-fired power plants.

The PM2.5 (particulate matter) includes sulphate, black carbon and nitrates which penetrate deep into the lungs and in the cardiovascular system that causes major risks to the human health.

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In May 2016, WHO implemented a road map to decrease and measures to be taken for the air pollution and its causes. The roadmap calls upon the health sector for monitoring of air pollution locally, access the health impacts, and assumes the sources that effect pollution.

WHO air quality model confirms that more than 92% of the world’s population lives in places where the air quality level exceeds ‘WHO Ambient Air Quality Guidelines’. Turkmenistan topped the list of having highest death rate connected to air pollution. The Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Egypt are also on the list of top five.

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