Supreme Court Issues Notices to Google Facebook on Sexual Offence Videos

SC issues notice to Google, Facebook, and Microsoft for curbs on sharing of videos related to sexual offences and cybercrime.

Justice Madan B. Lokur and Uday Umesh Lalit wanted explanation from Google India, Yahoo India, Microsoft Corporation India and Facebook about blocking sexual offense videos by January 9

This case is filed by Hyderabad nongovernment organization prajwala. They have sent two rape videos to Supreme Court which are trending in internet sites and many people are sharing this video.

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NGO’s lawyer Aparna Bhat said “Sexual offense videos are posting on online, by this type of videos many people will get influenced and takes participation in cyber crime.”

Prajwala foundation submitted the copy of video to the Supreme Court which is trending on the internet, in this video one person is committing rape and another person is filming it.

The government said in the response by the top court, ordering information and technology of ministry act for the way of blocking and reporting videos of rape under the protection of child sexual offenses 2012.

ASG Maninder Singh said that debate is on in the country and abroad on making public of the identity of the sexual offender. Supreme Court said the identity of an alleged rape offender should not be released hardly on the registering the offense but only after conviction.

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The bench said if a person gets acquitted even then person would suffer damage to his image because of prior disclosure of his identity. It will defame the image of a person, if he is acquitted in the sexual offense case,” the bench said.

The court also said if any person acquitted of a sexual offense, CBI will not investigate him for cybercrime aspect of the offense

According to National Crime Record Bureau statistics increase in the cases of sexual violence against children, the apex court questioned the Centre to include in the list of measures for curbing crimes against women and the steps to protect children from sexual violence.

Cyber Crime Rises by 350 Percent over Three Years in India: Study

Cyber crimes in India unfolded three times in the time span of 3 years. According to a study by PwC and Assocham, the number of cyber crime cases registered under the IT Act has observed a gain of 350 per cent in a period of 2011 to 2014. The study also cautioned about the rise in cyber attacks around the world with greater frequency and intensity.

Attacks have been mostly begun from the countries such as Turkey, U.S, China, Pakistan, Brazil, Algeria, Europe, Turkey, and UAE. Titled ‘Protecting Interconnected Systems in the Cyber Era,’ the study states that India has evolved as one of the most favorite countries listed among cyber criminals. And this is due to the rapid growth in adoption of Internet and smartphones in the country.

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Attackers acquired control over the vital system such as nuclear plants, railways, transportation or hospitals that can subsequently lead to direct consequences such as water pollution or floods, power failures, disruption of transportation systems and loss of life. An increase of nearly 50 percent is observed in the occurrence of cyber crime incidents in the period of 2012 to 2015.

“The profile and motivation of cyber attackers are fast changing. A new breed of cyber criminals has now emerged, whose main aim is not just financial gains but also causing disruption and chaos to businesses in particular and the nation at large,” the study pointed out.

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The National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) has been identified as the nodal agency under the National Technical Research Organisation for the protection of critical information infrastructure.

DDOS Attack On State’s Internet Service Providers: Cops Filed FIR

Cyber-attack on small and medium Internet service providers (ISPs) was identified in the state of Maharashtra, India. The cyber-crime branch police on Sunday registered a FIR in relation with the Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) attack. The state police claimed that this is the first FIR to be filed regarding suck attack in the nation, and the effects of the attack are still continuing.

“Some unknown people are involved in crashing the ports of Internet Service Providers by making lakhs of requests at a particular terminal at a particular time, which we call Distributed Denial Of Service,” said Brijesh Singh, Inspector General of Cyber-crime Police. “We have registered a FIR and started tracking down the operators who are trying to crash the servers or ports of ISPs,” added Brijesh Singh.

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According to the investigators, the attack which brought down the speed of the internet services infected millions of IP addresses with a virus known as Trojan. According to the officers, the attack is unprecedented as it is being carried out at a speed of 200 gigabytes per second.

A senior police officer in a statement said that the regular DDOS attacks last for hours and have a specific number of targets but this attack, in particular, has continued for three to four days and focused many ISPs who do not have the infrastructure to defend such attacks. “We have been mitigating the attack, blocking all the Internet Protocol (IP) addresses involved as soon as we identify them. The attack, however, still continues. The resources behind the attack have to be considerable. We are trying to trace the location from which the attack is being orchestrated,” said officer.

INDIA ranked #3 in Cyber threats globally

The Cybercrime police said many IP addresses around the world are infected with virus Trojans via spam emails or advertisements on web pages, which are not recognised by users. In this case, a Cyber-crime lawyer N S Nappinai said, “Infected IP addresses are routinely sold on the dark net by entities that infect them in the first place. All a hacker has to do is buy enough infected IP addresses and use them for a DDOS attack.”

Very strangely, this DDOS attack of the state was happened after a similar attack took place in the USA, in which the servers were attacked between 17th to 20th July in the Library of Congress

Government Is Taking Strict Action Against Cyber Crimes: Rajnath Singh

Central Government is planning to put an end to cyber crimes, Says Rajnath Singh (Union Home Minister). However, it is observed that the rate of conviction towards cyber crime is a bit low but to tighten more, the centre is taking steps to fight to the total eradication of Cybercrime by the help of some expert group.

During LokSabha question hour time, Rajnath Singh told that the Central is also working on this direction (Cyber Crime).

Kiren Rijiju, Union Minister of State Home Affairs said that threat from cyber-crime is a “reality” that needs to be tackled by sensitising the police and taking other steps. He also stated the government is also taking necessary massive steps and actions against cybercrime.

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TMC leader Sudip Bandyopadhyay Opposed to the statement given by NDA about the rate of conviction of cybercrime is low but in 2015, out of 844 people arrested only 224, he said and asked what significant steps the government is taking.

Rajnath says National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government will come up with an expert group within 6 – 7 months of coming to power.

Three months earlier, Rajnath said that Cyber-crime is the biggest challenge for the country and Cyberspace is also increasingly being used to radicalise young minds, he said.

INDIA ranked #3 in Cyber threats globally

The advancement of technology has brought many significant changes in the modern world, but, it also creating new problems and threats. One of the major threatening problems is Cyber Security.

The usage of Computer & Internet is a part of our life we cannot imagine our daily routine without them. In countries like India where Digitalization is evolving as a substitute for the traditional methods in both public and private sectors, forming a target for hackers around the world.

According to latest reports of Symantec on cyber security threats, the hackers are moving to efficient methods and techniques to get access to the user’s database. They are also adopting new strategies for increasing the efficiency of their attacks. These cyber criminals are now organizing as groups and recruiting skilled people for working with them. Availability of extensive resources is allowing them to target large business organizations.

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Tarun Kaura, Director of Solution Product Management for Asia Pacific and Japan, Symantec on revealing the reports of the research conducted had expressed his views on India’s position. When looking at the stats of zero-day vulnerabilities, there’s an enormous hike of 125% from the last year. From the past five years a steady increase in attacks on medium businesses having a maximum of 250 employees.

According to the reports, 430 million new malware variants were discovered last year. Globally losing over half a billion records in the previous year, 2015 was announced as the Year of Mega Breach.

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With a hike of 152% in the social media scams majorly done by manual sharing, shows India’s love for social networks. In India 52% attacks were aimed at small businesses whereas only 30 percent are in larger firms. With an average count of 15 attacks per hour, India stands next to China as the second favourite for the Ransomware attacks in Asia.

India ranks 3rd globally as a source of overall malicious activities like spam’s, malware, phishing hosts, and bots. Looking on the positive side a drop in the ranking of spam source from last year helps India to lose its tag of the best source of spam. The rank falls to 18 from being 6th in the year 2014.The trends also state that there is a reduction in the number of spam or malicious emails which are a positive thing but can also see like the hackers can execute their action process even with fewer emails adapting to advanced technologies.

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Cyber security is emerging as a Global threat to both users and organizations some preventive safety measures are to be taken for effective control of such attacks. The active implementation of Two-factor authentication (2FA) may work in case of weak passwords. Having a backup of data can be very useful in case of Ransomware attacks.

Organizations should educate their employees about the primary measures to follow and should take the assistance of third party security providers in case of highly confidential information, which would be a better option to deal with DDOS (Denial Of Distribution of Service) attacks.

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