In a recent survey conducted by the People’s Linguistic Survey of India (PLSI) records that half of languages Indians speak may die in the coming years. People’s Linguistic Survey of India (PLSI) is launched in 2010. The organization conducts surveys to update the existing knowledge of the languages spoken in the India.
In India, there are 1.3 billion of people who speak more than 780 different languages. In the survey conducted by PLSI survey, 400 Indian languages out of 780 may get extinct in 50 years, PLSI Chairman Ganesh Devy said.
The survey has been done by the team of 3000 people in 27 states. The review will cover the remaining states of Sikkim, Goa and Andaman and Nicobar islands by December.
Devy also said, “To lose these languages means losing vast human capital, cultural capital and even real capital because languages can be economically productive if they are used imaginatively for developing technology,”
He also added the concept that the English language will destroy the existence of present languages Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Marathi, Kannada, Malayalam, Gujarat, Bangla and Punjabi is not well-found because these languages are spoken by the most of the people in the Country. These 8 languages are among the top 30 languages which are thousand years older.
Political psychologist Ashis Nandy says that the Maithili language which is spoken in the eastern parts of Bihar is at least 1000 years old. He also stated that India has many such languages, but we are just passing them on. The languages which are more at risk are the tribal languages for example; Garo & Khasi (Meghalaya), Gondi, Bheli, etc. to name a few.
Having completed one of the biggest surveys in India, Devy and team are going to survey 6000 existing languages in the World by 2025 under the project, Global Language Status Report (GLSR).
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