Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Sikh guru and the last of the Sikh preachers to come in mortal form. He was born in Patna, Bihar in 1666 and his birthday is still celebrated with full devotion. It is more of a sort of religious celebration where prayers for the prosperity of the masses are offered. He was an exceptional personality and here are some fascinating facts about him”.
- He became the Tenth Sikh Guru when he was just nine when his father Guru Teg Bahadur became a martyr. Protecting the Kashmiri Hindus, Guru Teg Bahadur was killed by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
- Guru Gobind Singh was both a scholar and a warrior. He knew many languages including Gurmukhi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Urdu, Braj, and Persian. He knew martial arts or Shastarvidyia that he later taught to his followers.
- Following a scuffle with Bhim Chand, he left his hometown of Anandpur Sahib and moved to a hilly place Nahan in Himachal Pradesh. From there he moved to a small town called Paonta where he established Paonta Sahib Gurudwara. This gurudwara is an important pilgrim site till date. His persona was such that in a short span of three years that he spent preaching Sikh principles, he gained a significant number of followers.
- At a mere age of 19, he fought the Battle of Bhangani where he emerged victorious against allied forces of Bhim Chand, Garwal king Fateh Khan and few other local kings.
- He was the founder of Khalsa. The Khalsa Vani – “Waheguru Ji ka Khalsa, Waheguru Ji Ki Fateh” was given by him.
- He also gave the principles of Khalsa or the Five ‘K’s namely Kesh, Kangha, Kada, Kacchera and Kripan. These are the five principles of life that every Khalsa should follow.
- He wrote a letter in Persian to Aurangzeb reminding him of his misdeeds. This letter later became famous as Zafarnama or the Epistle of Victory.
- After Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah, the next Mughal emperor, was friendly with Guru Gobind Singh initially but later he came under the influence of Wazir Khan, the Nawab of Sirhind. Wazir Khan sent two assassins to kill the guru in his sleep.
- Guru Gobind Singh was an art patron and because of his love towards art he succeeded in inventing the musical instruments “Dilruba” and “Taus”.
Guru Gobind Singh is often referred to as “Sarvansh Dani” because he sacrificed his life and family for others. Though he fought many battles in his lifetime, none was for any selfish motive but only against weaknesses, injustice and oppression.