We always believed that Stone Age was a time of wandering men from place to place while women stayed at home. According to the new findings suggest that women during the Stone and Bronze Age nearly 4,000 years ago, travelled across villages while men stayed at home.
The research reveals that Bronze Age women travelled between 300 km and 500km from their home villages to start families while men stayed near where they were born. It also suggests that these women are largely responsible for the exchange of cultural objects and idea throughout this period.
Researchers examined the 84 skeletons in the Lechtal, a valley region in Austria where ancient settlements once existed. The scientists from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich performed research using genetic and isotope analyses, based on archaeological evaluations of people buried between 2500 and 1650 BC.
The results conclude that majority of the women buried there were not native to the region. According to the dental and bone records, Men stayed in the same area their whole lives
Philipp Stockhammer, from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, said, “The research allowed to view the large extent of early human mobility in a new light. “Individual mobility was a major feature characterizing the lives of people in Central Europe even in the third and early second millennium.”
Dr. Alissa Mittnik, one of the principal researchers of the study, “We see a great diversity of different female lineages, which would occur if over time many women relocated to the Lech Valley from somewhere else.”
She said the burials of the women did not differ from that of the native population, indicating that the formerly “foreign” women were integrated into the local community.